The compromise establishing Canada as a federation in 1867 required Canada's federal legislative institutions (the Senate and the House of Commons) to be structured so as to give due consideration to the concerns of Québec (previously known as Lower Canada, and then Canada East). A similar compromise was made when the Supreme Court of Canada was created in 1875.
Federal institutions have evolved since then. The Gouvernement du Québec is therefore working to ensure that this evolution is respectful of Quebecers' interests, who have specific concerns regarding the need to preserve the inherent characteristics of the Québec nation within the Canadian federation.
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